Nahalal - The moshav represents a form of cooperative settlement whereby the individual manages his own farm while the public facilities are shared. This developed a unique form by architect Richard Kaufman in 1921. This design takes the form of a wheel where the hub contains the main community buildings and the spokes are the farming units. These forms found their history in idealistic concepts as presented by Ebenezer Howard and as found in other indigenous farming and fishing villages around the world. Examples like Mexcaltitan, Palmanova or Philippeville, Hamina, Karlsruhe show similar patterns developed at Nahalal.