Antisemitism/Judaeophobia/Nazi Propaganda/Anti-Jewish Bias

The posters in this Special Collection do not technically qualify for inclusion at the PPPA site. I have made an exception and included them owing to the fact that they relate directly to the emergence and evolution of political Zionism which was a Jewish political response to antisemitism. As such they are invaluable pedagogical resources for both teaching and learning about the origins of the contemporary Zionist-Palestinian conflict. The majority of the posters in this Special Collection originated in Nazi Germany or in countries it occupied or controlled. They are all unquestionably antisemitic in the sense that they specifically target and attempt to dehumanize Jewish people. Their intent was to motivate German and subject peoples to do violence against Jewish people because they were Jewish.

These poster are beyond any shadow of a doubt, racist, hateful and antisemitic in the original sense.

As such they are useful in terms of understanding the very real dangers that faced Jewish communities in Europe during the 1930's and 1940's. They clearly demonstrate that political Zionism's emergence and early organization was not an overreaction but rather a very reasonable response to a growing threat to Jewish life in Europe in the decades before, and during, World War II.

An equally valuable pedagogical benefit of these posters is that they serve as graphic counterpoints, or perhaps better, refutations of the claim made by contemporary political Zionism that the poster art of contemporary Palestinian nationalism, and those of its allies worldwide, are mere extensions of the poster designs, content, intent, techniques and strategies the Nazi regime used.

They are not.

For example many, perhaps most, Nazi-published antisemitic posters depict "stereotypical" physical characteristics to identify Jewish people with the idea that this would help to isolate and frighten them. They also served to tutor the German public in a Nazi pseudo-science based on racial characteristics. Contemporary Palestine posters, whether by Palestinian artists and agencies or any of the growing number of international sources of Palestine posters almost never refer to Jewishness: Instead, the majority of Palestine posters refer to either Palestine history, Palestinians or to specific policies and actions of the Zionist movement such as the Occupation, land seizures, deportations, human rights violations, arbitrary arrests, school closings and the Nakba among others.

Despite these obvious differences and despite the rich diversity of images, messages, sources, subjects and styles deployed in the Palestine poster genre (as compared with the single anti-Jewish themes of Nazi-published posters) this genre is dismissed en toto as being "antisemitic". Consider, as but a single example of this worldview, that in 2015 UNESCO's then-Director General, Irina Bokova, vetoed the nomination of 1,700 Palestine posters to UNESCO's Memory of the World program because she considered "several" of the posters to be antisemitic. Bokova did not define her terms and she denied the nominators the traditional opportunity to remove the posters in question from the nomination. 

This labeling is not only counterfactual based on any library science, art history, anthropological or any other purely empirical criteria it is also an enormous disservice to contemporary American education.

It is our goal to challenge, and ultimately break, the unfounded and unsustainable conflation of the authentically antisemitic posters of the Nazi government with those of contemporary Palestine.

Title Artist/Designer/Photographer Year
1 view Candidat Antisémite Research in Progress 1889
2 view Politischer Bilderbogen Number 17 Research in Progress 1894
3 view Emigration to Palestine Research in Progress 1895
4 view Museum of Horrors - Number 2 V. Lenepveu 1898
5 view Museum of Horrors - Number 13 V. Lenepveu 1900
6 view Museum of Horrors - Number 44 V. Lenepveu 1900
7 view Museum of Horrors - Number 48 V. Lenepveu 1900
8 view Museum of Horrors - Number 49 V. Lenepveu 1900
9 view Museum of Horrors - Number 51 V. Lenepveu 1900
10 view Histoire d'un Traitre Research in Progress 1900
11 view Crever Pour L'Internationale Juive Christian Goy 1918
12 view Anti-Semitism Is Against the Revolution - The Anti-Semite Is Our Enemy Alexander Tishler 1929
13 view Capital Semite Research in Progress 1930
14 view The God of the Jews Is Money Research in Progress 1930
15 view Anti-Semitism - A Challenge to Jewish Youth 1931
16 view The Racial Composition of Jews Research in Progress 1935
17 view The Relationship Between Jews and Freemasons Research in Progress 1935
18 view Stellen Sich Vor Phillip Rupprecht (AKA Fips) 1935
19 view The Poisonous Mushroom Phillip Rupprecht (AKA Fips) 1935
20 view Żydzi Wszy - Typhus Plamisty G. Deizer 1935
21 view Zion Calls Us Research in Progress 1935
22 view Sturmabteilung = Komrade Research in Progress 1936
23 view Farm Animal Jew Phillip Rupprecht (AKA Fips) 1936
24 view Degenerate Art (Catalog) Research in Progress 1938
25 view Inciter of War - Prolonger of War Research in Progress 1938
26 view Wenn Juden Lachen Research in Progress 1938
27 view Der Ewige Jude Hans Stalüter 1938
28 view Entarte Arte Rudolf Herrmann (1879-1964) 1938
29 view Bolshevism Is Judaism Research in Progress 1940
30 view Churchill's Masks Research in Progress 1940
31 view Corruption - Bolshevism - Terror Research in Progress 1940
32 view Cossacks - Now Is the Time Research in Progress 1940
33 view Der Giftpilz Research in Progress 1940
34 view Get Out Of Europe! - Bolshevik Jews Instigating War Research in Progress 1940
35 view Jud Süss Research in Progress 1940
36 view Judas Traum Research in Progress 1940
37 view The Eternal Jew Research in Progress 1940
38 view The Eternal Jew - 2 Research in Progress 1940
39 view The Father - The Commander Research in Progress 1940
40 view The Jewish World Plague Research in Progress 1940